Pediatric COVID-19 Statistics

As of April 6th, the CDC released data on how children in the U.S. have been affected by COVID-19. 1.7% of laboratory confirmed cases occurred in children under the age of 18 years. However, we must realize that given the screening recommendations, this percentage may be underestimated. Furthermore, the proportion of patients for which data like symptoms (9%), underlying conditions (13%), and hospitalization status (33%) was relatively low. 91% of children with known exposures were from the community or household.

 

The most common symptoms found were:

  • Fever, cough, OR shortness of breath (73% compared to 93% of adults)

    • 56% had fever

    • 54% had cough

    • 13% had shortness of breath

  •  Headache (28%), sore throat (24%), body aches (23%), diarrhea (13%), nausea/vomiting (11%) and runny nose (7%)

 

Demographic data:

  • Ages: of all reported cases

    • 32% were aged 15-17 years

    • 27% were aged 10-14 years

    • 15% were aged 5-9 years

    • 15% were aged <1 year

    • 11% were aged 1-4 years

  • Of those for which data was known, 5.7-20% of kids were hospitalized. 0.58-2% were admitted to the intensive care unit

    • Children < 1-yr accounted for highest percentage of hospitalized patients

 

Underlying conditions:

  • 23% had at least 1 underlying condition. The most common were:

    • Chronic lung disease (including asthma)

    • Cardiovascular disease

    • Immunosuppression